Brief history

The earliest human inhabitants in Uganda were hunter-gathers. Remnants of these people are today to be found among the pygmies in western Uganda. Approximately 2000 to 1500 years ago, Bantu speaking populations from central and western Africa migrated and occupied most of the southern parts of the country. The migrants brought with them agriculture, ironworking skills and new ideas of social and political organization, that by the 15th - 16th century resulted in the development of centralized kingdoms, including the kingdoms of Buganda, Bunyoro-Kitara and Ankole.

Colonial Uganda

In 1888, control of the emerging British "sphere of interest" in East Africa was assigned by royal charter to William Mackinnon's Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEACO), an arrangement strengthened in 1890 by an Anglo-German agreement confirming British dominance over Kenya and Uganda. The high cost of occupying the territory caused the company to withdraw in 1893, and its administrative functions were taken over by a British commissioner. In 1894, Uganda was placed under a formal British protectorate.

Early independent Uganda

Britain granted independence to Uganda in 1962, and the first elections were held on 1st March 1961. Benedicto Kiwanuka of the Democratic Party became the first Chief Minister. Uganda became a republic the following year when it gained its independence on 9th October 1962 thus acquiring its Commonwealth membership. Sir Edward Mutweesa II was appointed as the first president..

In succeeding years, supporters of a centralized state vied with those in favor of a loose federation and a strong role for tribally-based local kingdoms. Political maneuvering climaxed in February 1966, when Prime Minister Apollo Milton Obote suspended the constitution and assumed all government powers, removing the positions of president and vice president. In September 1967, a new constitution proclaimed Uganda a republic, gave the president even greater powers, and abolished the traditional kingdoms.

Uganda under Idi Amin Dada

On 25 January 1971, Obote's government was ousted in a military coup led by armed forces commander Idi Amin Dada. Amin declared himself 'president,' dissolved the parliament, and amended the constitution to give himself absolute power.

Idi Amin's eight years' rule produced economic decline, social disintegration, and massive human rights violations. In 1978, the International Commission of Jurists estimated that more than 100,000 Ugandans had been murdered during Amin's reign of terror; some authorities place the figure as high as 300,000--a statistic cited at the end of the 2006 movie "The Last King of Scotland", which chronicled part of Amin's dictatorship.

A border altercation involving Ugandan exiles camped close to the Ugandan border of Mutukula resulted in an advance by the Ugandan army into Tanzania. In October 1978, Tanzanian armed forces countered an incursion of Amin's troops into Tanzanian territory. The Tanzanian army, backed by Ugandan exiles waged a war of liberation against Amin's troops and the Libyan soldiers sent to help him. On 11 April 1979, Kampala was captured, and Amin fled with his remaining forces.

Uganda between 1979 - 1986

After Amin's removal, the Uganda National Liberation Front formed an interim government with Yusuf Lule as president and Jeremiah Lucas Opira as the Secretary General of the UNLF and created a quasi-parliamentary organ known as the National Consultative Commission (NCC). The NCC and the Lule cabinet reflected widely differing political views. In June 1979, following a dispute over the extent of presidential powers, the NCC replaced Lule with Godfrey Binaisa. In a continuing dispute over the powers of the interim presidency, Binaisa was removed in May 1980. Thereafter, Uganda was ruled by a military commission chaired by Paulo Muwanga. The December 1980 elections returned the UPC to power under the leadership of President Milton Obote, with Muwanga serving as vice president. Under Obote, the security forces had one of the world's worst human rights records. In their efforts to stamp out an insurgency led by Yoweri Museveni's National Resistance Army (NRA), they laid waste to a substantial section of the country, especially in the Luwero area north of Kampala.

Post Liberation war (1986 - 2000)

Negotiations between the Okello government and the NRA were conducted in Nairobi in the fall of 1985, with Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi seeking a cease-fire and a coalition government in Uganda. Although agreeing in late 1985 to a cease-fire, the NRA continued fighting, and seized Kampala and the country in late January 1986, forcing Okello's forces to flee north into Sudan. Museveni's forces organized a government with Museveni as president.

Since assuming power, the government dominated by the political grouping created by Yoweri Kaguta Museveni and his followers, the National Resistance Movement (NRM or the "Movement"), has largely put an end to the human rights abuses of earlier governments, initiated substantial political liberalization and general press freedom, and instituted broad economic reforms after consultation with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, and donor governments.

List of Presidents of Uganda since 1962

List of presidents and period in power
Sir Edward Mutesa II 1962 - 1966
Apollo Milton Obote (Obote I) 1966 - 1971
Idi Amin Dada 1971 - 1979
Yusuf Kironde Lule 13 April 1979 - 20 June 1979
Godfrey Lukongwa Binaisa 1979 - 1980
Paul Muwanga 12 May 1980 - 22 May 1980
Apollo Milton Obote (Obote II) 1980 - 1985
Tito Okello Lutwa 1985 - 1986
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni 1986 to date



Set at the equator, Uganda is made up of four regions(Central, Eastern, Northern and Western) on an area of 236, 580 sq km, with its capital at Kampala. The country is fortunate to harbour Lake Victoria, the second largest lake in the world forming the source of the Nile, the second longest river in the world.


Approximately 35,000, 000 (2014 est) with a 3.6 percent population growth.

People and culture

Uganda has long been a cultural melting pot, as evidenced by the existence of more than 30 different indigenous languages belonging to five distinct linguistic groups, and an equally diverse cultural mosaic of music, art and handicrafts.

Common Languages

  • English(Official language)
  • Kiswahili
  • Luganda
  • Runyankole,Rukiga or Rutoro


  • Roman catholic (41%)
  • Anglican (40%)
  • Islam (5%)
  • Other beliefs (14%)


Uganda experiences a temperate climate even though the majority of the country is within the Tropics with temperatures between 16oC - 26oC for the majority of the year (April - November). However, during the warmer months (December - March) temperatures reach in excess of 30oC.


The Republic of Uganda is a sovereign democratic state governed by the 1995 Constitution. The President is Head of State and the Executive comprising of 26 government Ministers. Voting qualifications are universal, for those above 18 years of age.

Economic profile and Currency

Consistently ranked among Africa's fastest growing economies since 1986, Uganda has experienced a steady expansion of infrastructure and a corresponding increase in international investment and tourism.
We use the Ugandan Shilling (UGX).

Major holidays

  • New Year's Day - 1 January
  • NRM Liberation Day - 26 January
  • Women's Day - 3 March
  • Easter Sunday, Good Friday - March - April
  • Labour Day - 1 May
  • Martyrs' Day - 3 June
  • Heroes Day - 9 June
  • Independence - 9 October
  • Christmas Day - 25 December
  • Boxing Day - 26 December


Welcome to Always Sunday Safaris!

Welcome to Always Sunday Safaris!

You are most welcome to the official website of Always Sunday Safaris!

At Always Sunday Safaris we pride in traveling with clients who have knowledge of the country they are being hosted. We believe this helps them to feel confident and safe while they are here, which in effect brings about calm in their minds so that by the time they set off on their fantastic trips they are already looking forward to a wonderful and memorable time.

Therefore, we have prepared a brief background of Uganda so that you can have some basic knowledge of this wonderful and beautiful country. So, please read the brief information below and when you are done then you can visit the rest of our site.

Enjoy your visit!

What you should know about Uganda.

Map of Uganda - Uganda is one of the five Countries forming the East African Community. Uganda is a land locked country mainly relying on air and road tranport for major economic activities.

Uganda is one of the five Countries forming the East African Community; together with Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania.

Uganda is a Land Locked Country bordered by new state; South Sudan in the North, Kenya in the East, Tanzania in the South, Rwanda and Burundi in the South West and the Democratic Republic of Congo in the West.

Uganda gained it's independence from British rule in 1962 on 9th october, with the then King of Buganda; Sir Edward Mutesa II becoming the president of the new state that was called “The People's Republic of Uganda”. Dr. Milton Obote was later installed as the Prime Minister.

Uganda is a lovely Country found in the tropical part of Africa. Uganda is blessed with a lot of natural resources, wildlife, mountains, rivers, lakes, birds and one of the world's impressive impenetrable forest; Bwindi Impenetrable Forest. The unique peoples of Uganda, their culture and ornaments make it a must destination to visit. They are friendly, courteous and humble and they have a lot to offer in terms of entertainment.

The crested crane. Uganda's National Emblem.

The crested crane. Uganda's National Emblem.

Uganda is described as the “Pearl of Africa” as certified by the famous former British Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill when he visited Kigezi; one of the most beautiful regions in the Country in 1907, in his book "My African Journey”. All this is attributed to the Country's beautiful scenery, wonderful weather, ever green vegetation, hospitable and generous people who's unique culture is no where to be seen in the whole of Africa and the various mountains, highlands, hills and the fresh water sources such as the biggest lake in Africa; Lake Victoria, and the longest river in the world; River Nile, which are all perfectly placed making Uganda an exceptionally beautiful and fantastic place on earth. Uganda is and remains a beautiful Country in the heart of Africa. It has tremendously improved in terms of security, technology and communication.

The Uganda Kob. An icon of the vast wildlife of Uganda.

The Uganda Kob. An icon of the vast wildlife of Uganda.

More so, Uganda is home to half of the world's remaining endangered mountain gorillas and the source of the River Nile; the longest river in the world. The source of the Nile is a beautiful scenery with it's vast and abundant fresh water for rafting. Uganda is the number one rafting destination in Africa where large numbers of tourists from all over the world come to raft and others wish to visit.

Most visitors avoid coming to Uganda because they rely on past, obsolete and uncredible information relating to Idi Amin and of recent the notorious rebel leader Joseph Kony (THIS IS NO LONGER TRUE). Since the NRM took over power in 1986, Uganda is now among the most peaceful and most secure Countries in the world with assured security both for property and life; This is the TRUTH. You can even sleep on the road side without being bothered by anyone.

The Uganda National Flag.

The Uganda National Flag. Consists of 3 colours; Black, Yellow and Red and a Crested Crane in the middle.

A lot of tourists looking for an authentic African expedition choose Uganda to other African countries because of its products and services in the tourism industry. Uganda is the only country that offers a mixture of both the modern and old fashioned worlds.

To a tourist a single trip may not be enough for the entire set of packages of interesting activities and destinations in Uganda. At Always Sunday Safaris we believe that you will enjoy your visit in Uganda. We hope to coordinate and organize for you interesting and attractive trips, vacations, tours and safaris within and outside Uganda. We will be very pleased to welcome and guide you through the pearl of Africa and neighbouring countries. Click here to read facts and history of Uganda.

Come and see for yourself Uganda has it all

The highest mountain-range of Africa, the largest lake, the great savannas of Kenya and Tanzania and the vast tropical rainforests of Congo and Rwanda. Uganda offers the best of everything from East and West Africa. An unique combination of the large animals like Elephants, Lions, Buffaloes, Leopards, Giraffes, Zebras, Hyenas, Warthogs, Hippos and Crocodiles from the savannas and the forest animals like Chimpanzees, Gorillas, Black and White Colobus Monkeys, Red-tailed Monkeys, Patas Monkeys, Blue Monkeys, Forest Elephants, Forest Buffaloes and Giant Forest Hogs.

Map of Africa showing the location of Uganda.

Map of Africa showing the location of Uganda.

Most tourists arrive at Entebbe's modern and efficient international airport, with its breathtaking location on the shores of Lake Victoria. Just 40 kilometers away, sprawled across seven hills, there is the capital Kampala. A modern and bustling cosmopolitan city, which reflects the ongoing economic growth and political stability that has characterized Uganda for the last 20 years.

There is more to Uganda than wildlife: The mighty Nile, with it's spectacular Murchison Falls, the setting for some of the world's best white-water rafting. There are the snow-capped mountains of the Rwenzori, and the Virunga Volcanoes and Mount Elgon, both with a lot of hiking opportunities through a beautiful scenery. Uganda has a few beautiful big lakes like Lake Victoria and Lake Bunyonyi. And apart from that, Uganda has the reputation as 'Africa's Friendliest Country', with the tradition of hospitality and a remarkably low level of crime and hassle directed at tourists. The official language of Uganda is English and the currency is Ugandan Shilling (USh or UGX). The land is 236.580 sq. kilometers, with a population of approximately 36 million people.

Uganda is a tropical country and much of it lies on the African plateau between 900-1,500 meters above sea level. This gives Uganda a nice tropical climate, with temperatures averaging between 21 and 27 degrees Celsius during the day and between 12 and 18 degrees Celsius at night. The hottest months are from December to February, with 27 to 29 degrees Celsius. The rainy seasons are from April to May and October to November.

Uganda is well watered and fertile, almost 25% of the country is covered with water. Lake Victoria is shared by Uganda with Kenya and Tanzania. Lake Albert, Lake Edward and Lake George lie on the border with Congo (DRC). At Jinja, Owen Falls is regarded as the source of the Nile.

Uganda is a cultural melting pot, with 30-plus different languages belonging to five distinct linguistic groups. The country's most ancient inhabitants, confined to the hilly southwest, are the Batwa and Bambuti Pygmies. They left behind a rich legacy of rock paintings, such as those at the Nyero Rock Shelter near Kumi.

The cultural core of modern Uganda are the Bantu-speaking kingdoms of Buganda, Bunyoro, Ankole and Toro. According to oral tradition, these centuries-old kingdoms are offshoots of the mediaeval kingdoms of Batembuzi and Bachwezi. Three former kings of Buganda are buried in an impressive traditional thatched building at the Kasubi Tombs in Kampala. Other cultures in Uganda are: Karimojong, Bakonjo and the Bagisu.